The northern part of Palestine. A smallish area—72 km. (45 miles) long—on the west of the Golan Heights and south and east of Lebanon, first occurring in the OT in Josh. 20:7 and called by Isaiah (9:1) a land of foreigners. It saw various fortunes after the settlement of several Israelite tribes in the 12th cent. BCE, which David consolidated. However, twenty Galilean towns were handed over by Solomon to Hiram of Tyre in exchange for timber and gold (1 Kgs. 9:11). There were invasions by Egypt in 924 BCE and Assyria in 853 BCE and thirteen cities were captured in 732 BCE (2 Kgs. 15:29). As an Assyrian province the country became part of Samaria. It returned to Judah under the Maccabeans [[➝ Maccabees, books of]] but was later absorbed into the Roman Empire by Pompey in 63 BCE. Herod the Great was given Galilee as part of his kingdom (40–4 BCE) and on his death it was joined to Perea as the tetrarchy of Herod Antipas (to 39 CE). Nazareth and Capernaum, where Jesus preached and taught (Matt. 4:15; Luke 4:31), are in Galilee and the inhabitants spoke with a northern accent (Matt. 26:73). Matt. 4:12–13 refers to it as the land of Zebulun and Naphtali but the tribal dispositions had by NT times only antiquarian interest. More important is the description ‘Galilee of the Gentiles’ (Matt. 4:15), for many Gentiles were settled in the region: Matthew thus foreshadows the Church's future mission to the Gentiles. During the Jewish war of 66–70 CE Josephus [[➝ Josephus, Flavius]] was the general in charge of Jewish forces in Galilee. He was taken prisoner by the advancing Romans.

Dictionary of the Bible.

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  • GALILEE — (Heb. הַגָּלִיל, Ha Galil), the northernmost region of Ereẓ Israel. Name The name Galilee is derived from the Hebrew galil which comes from the root גלל ( to roll ), and thus means a circle. It appears in the Bible in the combination Gelil ha… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • GALILÉE — Région du nord d’Israël, la Galilée est située entre la frontière du Liban et la plaine de Yizréel, et s’étend du Jourdain, à l’est, à la plaine côtière méditerranéenne, à l’ouest. Région de collines plus élevées au nord (haute Galilée) qu’au sud …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Galilee — • The native land of Jesus Christ, where He began His ministry and performed many of His works, and whence He drew His Apostles Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Galilee     Galilee …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Galilee — Galilée Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Galilée est le nom francisé du savant italien Galileo Galilei. La Galilée est une région du Moyen Orient. Sciences Les termes suivants doivent… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Galilee — ist der Name verschiedener Ortschaften in den Vereinigten Staaten: Galilee (Arkansas), eine Ortschaft im Crittenden County, im US Bundesstaat Arkansas Galilee (New Jersey), eine Ortschaft im Monmouth County, im US Bundesstaat New Jersey Galilee… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • galilee — [gal′ə lē΄] n. [ME galilie < ML galilaea < L Galilaea, Galilee: ? because, being at the less sacred western end, it was compared with the scriptural “Galilee of the Gentiles”] a porch or chapel at the western entrance of certain medieval… …   English World dictionary

  • Galilee — Gal i*lee, n. [Supposed to have been so termed in allusion to the scriptural Galilee of the Gentiles. cf. OF. galil[ e]e.] (Arch.) A porch or waiting room, usually at the west end of an abbey church, where the monks collected on returning from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Galilee — northernmost province of Palestine, late 12c., from L. Galilaea, Gk. Galilaia, from Heb. Haggalil, lit. The District, a compressed form of Gelil haggoyim the District of Nations (Cf. Isa. viii:23). The adj. Galilean is used both of Christ (1630s) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Galilee — [gal′ə lē΄] [L Galilaea < Gr Galilaia < Heb hagalil < gelil ( hagoyim), lit., district (of the Gentiles)] 1. region of N Israel 2. Sea of lake in NE Israel, on the Syrian border: c. 13 mi (21 km) long …   English World dictionary

  • Galilee — For other uses, see Galilee (disambiguation). An orchard in Upper Galilee …   Wikipedia

  • galilee — /gal euh lee /, n. a porch or vestibule, often on the ground floor of a tower, at the entrance of some English churches. [1585 95; < ML galilaea porch of a church, lit., GALILEE; perh. alluding to Galilee as a country of Gentiles (as opposed to… …   Universalium

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